Plush Fabric – Everything You Need To Know

Gradient dyed plush fabric

Plush fabric is a soft and cozy fabric that has a fur-like surface. It is made by inserting extra yarns into the fabric during the weaving or knitting process, creating a pile that can be cut to different lengths and shapes.

The plush fabric has been popular for a long time, dating back to 1903 in the USA, as a cheaper and safer alternative to natural bear fur for Teddy Bear toys. Today, the plush fabric is widely used by designers and clothing brands for various purposes.

This article will explore plush fabric, how it’s made, and where it’s used.

What Is Plush Fabric?

Plush fabric, from the French word “peluche,” meaning “shaggy hair,” is a woven or knitted fabric with a cut nap or pile on one or both sides. It is made from natural or synthetic fibers or a mixture of both.

A typical plush fabric pile ranges from 4 to 18mm in height. These may have various shapes, such as straight, curly, wavy, or looped. Plush fabrics can have different patterns, from simple solids or stripes to dotted or even animal prints.

Characteristics of Plush Fabrics

Softness and Comfort

Having a smooth and fluffy surface, the plush fabric feels cozy and gentle on the skin. It offers warmth and insulation without being too heavy or bulky.

Durability and Longevity

Plush fabric can withstand wear and tear, as well as fading and shrinking. It can keep its shape and appearance for a long time with proper care.

Warmth and Insulation

Plush fabric can also trap heat and reflect infrared radiation, which can make the body warm and cozy. It is suitable for cold-weather clothing, bedding, accessories, and heat therapy, such as heating pads or blankets.

Breathability and Moisture Absorption

Plush fabric can allow air to circulate and wick away moisture from the body. It can help regulate body temperature and prevent overheating or sweating.

Types of Plush Fabrics

Many types of plush fabric are available on the market, each with its own features and uses. Some of the common types are:

Natural Plush Fabric

Natural fibers such as wool, silk, cotton, and bamboo are outstanding; they provide a natural plush fabric with a soft and breathable quality. Yet despite its benefits, a piece of natural plush fabric is certainly more expensive and requires much more maintenance.

Wrinkling is something to look out for with natural plush.

Synthetic Plush Fabric

A cheaper alternative to natural plush, synthetic plush fabrics such as polyester, nylon, and rayon last longer and require less maintenance. However, these fabrics are not as breathable and can easily pill. Additionally, they aren’t exactly the best on the eco-friendliness scale.

Blended Plush fabric

Blended Plush Fabric

Made to be the best of both types of plush fabrics, blended plush fabrics are as soft and breathable as natural plush while being as durable and resistant as synthetic. But this type of plush fabric is not perfect. Blended plush fabrics are harder to wash and dry than purely natural or synthetic fiber plush fabrics.

Common Uses of Plush Fabric

Plush fabrics have a wide range of applications in various fields. Some of the common uses are:

Clothing and Apparel

Plush fabrics are great for warmth and comfort. You can make stylish jackets, dapper coats or sweaters, hoodies, scarves, hats, gloves, and socks for warmth. Household clothing such as pajamas, robes, and slippers can also be made from it.

Home Decor and Furnishings

Plush fabrics creates cozy and luxurious home decor items, such as pillows, cushions, blankets, throws, rugs, curtains, slipcovers, etc.

Toys and Stuffed Animals

Toys such as teddy bears, dolls, puppets, etc., will be soft, cuddly, and adorable with the use of plush materials.

Automotive Interiors and Upholstery

Comfortable and attractive car interior and upholstery items can be made with plush materials. You can make seats, headrests, armrests, dashboards, etc., from this fabric.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Plush Fabrics

One should consider plush fabric’s many advantages and disadvantages before buying or using it. Some of them are:


    • A smooth and gentle texture, making it pleasant to feel and put on.
    • The warmth of plush fabric makes it cozy and comfortable without adding too much weight or volume.
    • Plush material has a high and lasting quality, with proper maintenance.
    • The adaptability of plush fabric is remarkable and convenient for various uses.
    • Colors, patterns, and textures are rich and diverse in the variety of plush textiles.

With these advantages, plush fabrics can help designers or clothing brands create appealing and comfortable products that satisfy different customer needs and preferences.


  • The cost of this fabric can be high, especially for natural fibers.
  • The care of plush fabrics can be challenging, as it may change in size, color, or form when washed or dried.
  • The appearance can be affected by pilling, shedding, or matting, especially synthetic fibers.
  • The comfort can be compromised by less breathability and more heat or sweat than other fabrics.
  • The impact of this fabric can be negative for the environment, as it may use more resources or produce more waste than other fabrics.

These disadvantages make plush fabrics a less ideal option for designers or clothing brands, as they may require higher costs, lower quality, or lower customer satisfaction.


Plush has a soft and fluffy surface that makes comfortable and stylish clothes and home items. Despite the disadvantages of using plush fabrics, this has been a staple fabric in fashion. This fabric has many textures, shapes, and lengths for different needs and preferences.

Plush fabric is a great material for designers and brands. It makes warm, durable, comfy, and attractive products that appeal to customers’ comfort and appearance. It’s no wonder that this fabric has been a popular choice for a long time.

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